December 24, 2013
Björnsson speculated that the stories are used to express "a sort of primitive environmentalism." In a way, they represent a special connection with the natural landscape that is otherwise difficult to articulate. Haukur Ingi Jónasson, a professor in project management at Reykjavík University who wrote about elves during his graduate studies in theology and psychoanalysis at the Union Theological Seminary in New York, says Iceland's many mountains, hills, and rivers are loaded with significance for the people who live near them. "[Elves are] kind of a ritualistic attempt to protect something meaningful, respect something of importance, and acknowledge something of worth," he said. In other words, the elves honor a balance of power that has always leaned clearly in the direction of nature and the whimsy of its erupting volcanoes, shifting glaciers, and quivering ground. "We are kind of always at the disposal of something that is not us," he said. "It's it. It's nature. It's out there. I cannot control it, it's it that I have to comply with."